跳至
   0


男爵府

積分: 7794


發表於 08-5-23 06:14 |顯示全部帖子
Car Seats Defined
Shopping for a car seat can be overwhelming with an array of styles, price points and features to choose from.

  • Infant Car Seats (birth - 20 or 22 lb) Installed in a rear facing position, these seats are designed to protect an infant's head, neck and back in the event of a collision. Equipped with an adjustable handle, infant car seats may also be used as a carrier - a convenient way to transport baby outside of the car. Note that premature or very small birth weight babies who can have trouble breathing in a seated position may require a certified infant car bed for use in a vehicle.

  • Convertible Car Seats These seats can be converted from a rear facing position for babies from birth to 20 or 22 lb to a forward facing position for children up to 40 lb (refer to manufacturer's weight and height limits).

When used in the forward facing position, convertible car seats are secured in the vehicle with a seat belt and tether strap. The tether strap, anchored by a bolt to the rear shelf of a car or floor of a van, is most important in preventing the top of the car seat from moving forward during a collision or sudden stop. In Canada, all forward facing convertible car seats must be anchored with a tether strap.

Convertible car seats are available in four harness styles:
  • 3 Point Harness Secures the child at the shoulders and between the legs.
  • 5 Point Harness Secures the child at the shoulders, hips and between the legs. Shoulder straps are clipped separately into a common buckle located between the legs.
  • T-Shaped Shield A padded shield attached to the shoulder straps is placed over the child's head and buckled into the seat at the crotch area.
  • Arm Bar Shield A padded bar swings over the child's head, with shoulder harnesses and buckle attached.


Is one style of convertible car seat safer than the other?
If installed and used according to manufacturer's instructions, CMVSS crash tests show that all styles will protect your child in the event of a collision or sudden stop*. Ensure that the car seat you are using has the appropriate CMVSS labelling. When shopping for a car seat, be sure that it is a good fit for your child. If selecting a T-Shaped Shield or Arm Bar Shield, the shield should come no more than chest high. These styles are generally not recommended for small infants as the shields may be at neck or face level and can cause injury in the event of a collision or sudden stop.
* "Keep Them Safe - A Guide to Children's Car Seats" Transport Canada

  • Booster Seats A booster seat may be used for children weighing between 40 - 60 LB (typically reached by age 4 - 4 1/2) or for children who are too tall for a convertible car seat yet have not exceeded the manufacturers weight and height limits. A booster seat helps raise a child so the shoulder and lap belts in a car fit properly over the child's body (seat belts should lay low over the hips and flat across the chest without rubbing the chin - never over a child's stomach).

Booster seats are available in no back or high back models. If your child's head extends beyond the height of the car's seat back when in a no back booster, a high backed model may be required. If your child's head extends beyond the height of the car's seat back without a booster, your child may be secured with the seat belts in your car. Alternatively, a high backed booster may be used as long as your child's head does not extend beyond the height of the booster. In all cases, always ensure that your child has adequate protection to the neck area, whether placed in a booster or using the seat belts in your car, and that the seat belt fits properly over your child.

How will I know when my child has outgrown his convertible car seat?

If your child is above the height and weight limits as detailed by the manufacturer, then your child has outgrown the car seat. If your child has not yet reached these limits but the mid point of his or her ears are above the top of the car seat, and his or her shoulders are above the shoulder harness strap slots, you will need to move your child into a booster seat.

Shopping for a Car Seat
Some things to consider when making your selection?
  • Appropriate Is the seat you are purchasing appropriate for your child's height, weight and muscular development? Given your routines, preferences and pocket book, does the car seat meet you and your child's needs? Does the seat allow additional space as your child grows?
  • Comfort Is the car seat or carrier well padded and comfortable looking? How many recline positions does the car seat have? Convertible car seats have several recline positions to choose from and each will vary with how easy the car seat can be reclined when installed. Before you make a final purchase, be sure to install the car seat in your vehicle to test each recline position.
  • Durability How well does the handle on an infant car seat move up and down? How sturdy is the unit?
  • Aesthetics Brand name upgrades on a basic model will cost a premium but do not add to the safety or durability of the unit.
  • Cleanability What color is the fabric? A darker or highly patterned fabric will hide stains more readily than a light colored fabric. Can the fabric be removed for cleaning? Read the manufacturer's care/cleaning instructions.

How will I know if the car seat will fit properly in our vehicle?

A good question as some car seats fit better in some vehicles than others. Before making a purchase, ask the retailer about their policy on installing floor model car seats to check for fit in your own vehicle. If this is not possible, find out what the retailers return policy is. If the unit cannot be installed snugly according to manufacturer's instructions, take it back. Be sure to save all original packaging, instructions, receipts and tags.


And some more things to consider . . .

Infant Car Seats (birth - 20 or 22 LB)
  • Weight - How heavy is the actual infant car seat? The seat may seem reasonably light weight but put an 18 LB baby inside and that's another story.
  • Harnesses - Are they adjustable to accommodate a growing baby? Is there more than one slot position to accommodate a taller baby?
  • Ease of Use - How easily does the handle move up and down? How easily does the harness buckle and release?

Convertible Car Seat
  • Ease of Use - How easy is it to buckle your child into the car seat? How easy is it to tighten the shoulder harnesses? Talk to other moms and dads and ask their opinion on what style they prefer, which style is easier to buckle a child into, the pros and cons of the different styles. For example, while the arm bar shield provides a surface for your child to play on during long car rides, it can be cumbersome to position your child in this style if he or she is tall as the arm bar must go over the child's head. And while the T-Shaped Shield makes buckling your child in a fairly quick task, will there be enough room between your child and the shield when a snow suit is worn.

My child is only 5 months old and already weighs 20 lb. Can I move her into a forward facing convertible car seat?
Although your child has reached the weight limit of the car seat as set by the manufacturer, the physical development of your child at this age is more important in determining whether or not she is ready to be placed in the forward facing position. The neck muscles of small infants are not yet strong enough to support the weight of their head. When placed in a forward facing car seat, adequate strength in the neck, back and shoulder areas is necessary as these are the areas where impact will be absorbed in the event of a collision or sudden stop. Before being placed in a forward facing car seat, infants should be able to pull themselves up to a standing position, or be able to sit up unaided for extended periods of time without falling over. If you child is unable to do this but has reached the weight limitations for rear facing installation, a car seat with a higher weight limit will be necessary to ensure safety when travelling in the car.


男爵府

積分: 7794


發表於 08-5-23 06:14 |顯示全部帖子
Is it Really a Bargain? Borrowing or Purchasing a Used Car Seat
Take extra caution when considering purchasing or borrowing a used car seat. Here are some guidelines to help you evaluate whether this is the best option for your child and you:

  • Ensure the car seat has the appropriate CMVSS sticker. This ensures that Canadian safety standards have been met. Do not use a car seat with only a USA safety approval as safety standards differ between the two countries.
  • Child car seats older than 10 years should be avoided as these seats may not meet current safety standards.
  • Ensure manufacturer's instructions are included with the car seat. This manual contains important installation and safety instructions.
  • As you may not be aware of how many children have used the car seat you are considering, remember that wear and tear on the harness, plastic shell and pad may result in decreased performance.
  • Never use a car seat that is discoloured, rusted, torn, or has missing or worn parts.
  • Ensure the model number and date of manufacture are still on the car seat.
  • Always ask if the car seat has been in a collision - if it has, don?t use it!

Installing Your Car Seat
You are transporting your most precious cargo, and possibly someone else's - take the time to ensure that your car seat is properly installed, and your child is safely harnessed into the car seat.

ALWAYS FOLLOW MANUFACTURER?S INSTRUCTIONS FOR WEIGHT AND HEIGHT LIMITS, AND INSTALLATION PROCEDURES.


Install the car seat in your vehicle according to manufacturer's instructions. Be sure to also read your vehicle owner's manual on installation of car seats. By reading both, it will ensure that your car seat is properly installed, especially if a locking clip is required with your seat belts to securely fasten the car seat.

If the seat belt system in your vehicle is such that the metal tongue moves freely up and down the lap/shoulder belt (a continuous loop seat belt system), a locking clip will be required. The locking clip, a metal H-shaped piece that comes with all car seats, will secure the lap and shoulder belts together and keep the car seat in place.

  • Infant car seats must be installed rear facing as an infant does not have the back and neck strength to travel facing forward. In the event of a collision, the force of the impact is absorbed by the back of the car seat, and spread over a baby's body.
  • Do not install rear facing car seats in passenger areas that contain an air bag.
  • Check the seat belt system of your vehicle - some require the use of a locking clip to ensure the seat belt does not loosen.
  • Ensure the car seat is installed tightly with little side to side or forward and backward movement. When tightening the seat belt, use your knee to push down on the car seat into the upholstery and tighten the seat belt. Use the same force when tightening the tether strap.


Where in the vehicle should the car seat be installed?

The safest location in your vehicle is in the rear, centre seat location as it is away from impact from either side of your car. DO NOT install any child car seat in passenger areas that contain an air bag. If using a convertible rear facing car seat, ensure that it is in the correct recline position according to manufacturer's instructions.

My car does not have an anchor bolt to tether a car seat in the forward facing position - do I really need to use it?

YES! The tether strap, attached to the top of the car seat, limits the forward and backward, as well as side to side movement of the car seat. It also helps to absorb some of the shock in the event of a collision or sudden stop. If your car was manufactured after January 1, 1989, all passenger cars (excluding convertibles) must come predrilled for anchor locations. Minivans, trucks and sport utility vehicles are exempt from this. Contact your local automobile service/dealer to have the anchor bolt installed. The anchor bolt should be installed directly behind the centre of your car seat. Be sure to consult your vehicle owner's manual. Note, if installing more than one car seat, each forward facing car seat must have it's own anchor bolt to which the tether strap is attached.

Buckling Up Your Child Some important hints on ensuring your child is harnessed safely in their car seat:

  • If using a convertible car seat, ensure the shoulder harnesses are threaded through the correct slots. If used in a rear facing position, the lowest slots should be used, positioned at or just below your infant's shoulders. In a forward facing position, the shoulder harnesses should be positioned at or slightly above the shoulders. Be sure to refer to the manufacturer's instructions. When the proper shoulder harness slots are not used, the child or infant may be ejected from the car seat during a collision.
  • Make sure the shoulder harnesses are snug. You should be able to place no more than 2 fingers between the harness and your child's collar bone.
  • Ensure harness straps lay flat across your child and are not twisted.
  • Position the chest (retainer) clip at the level of your child's armpit ? this will help prevent the shoulder harnesses from slipping off. If improperly positioned, your child may be ejected from the car seat during a collision.
  • In a booster seat, the shoulder belt should not cut across a child's neck but be placed across a child's chest. The lap belt should lay across the lap area over the hips and not over the stomach.
  • Always keep the booster seat fastened in the vehicle, even when your child is not in it. An unbelted booster seat can become a projectile and cause injury in the event of a sudden stop or collision.


On a Final Note . . .
  • The car seat is installed and your infant or child is ready for the road. Take the time to immediately fill out the registration card and the warranty card (which has the model number and date of manufacture for your records) as this is the only way the manufacturer has of informing you of any recalls to the unit you have purchased.
  • It is also worth your peace of mind and safety of your child to attend a car seat safety clinic in your area. At no charge to attend, contact your local public health department, emergency medical service, or fire station to find out when and where the clinics are offered.
  • If you are missing the manufacturer's instructions for your car seat, contact the manufacturer for a copy. Installation and safety procedures may vary between models and manufacturers and an appropriate instruction manual is essential.


洋房

積分: 184


發表於 08-5-24 02:27 |顯示全部帖子
Nillie,
Good job! . Actually, I am confused for all different brand and type of carseat and don't how to select it. After I read your posting, I understand. These information is really helpful. Thanks for your effort to search all useful information for all moms.


別墅

積分: 785


發表於 08-5-24 07:57 |顯示全部帖子
Thanks alot for the information ah. Good for all of us.


跳至